How Does an Electric Vehicle Engine Work?


An electric car is powered by an electric motor which takes power from a stack of batteries. The motor drives the car’s wheels. The electric motor delivers power instantly and produces a consistent amount of torque at any given RPM within a specific range. So unlike an ICE car, an EV does not require multiple gears with different ratios for power output. Which means there is no clutch or gearbox to operate.

In addition, EVs utilise regenerative braking to make use of any energy lost when slowing down or braking. Some manufacturers set the regenerative braking so that you only need to drive using the accelerator pedal in most circumstances; often referred to as ‘one-pedal driving’. To slow down, you simply ease off the accelerator pedal and let the regenerative braking kick in.